Major Global Issues and Challenges - 国際社会研究演習 - Africa (the Key Challenges and Problems) - Seminar Handouts and Extra Readings

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Readers should also be careful when selecting and interpreting sources. In many cases, articles and websites display biases and political leanings. As such, distinguishing between biased and unbiased and reliable and unreliable information is an important educational skill. Statements should always be confirmed by comparing them with hard and verifiable facts. Choosing a biased or one-sided source to discuss is fine but one should mention this bias in the discussion or in your academic work.
Africa – Global Issues
African success stories (2008)
Countering the endless stories of doom and gloom, a new website highlights the remarkable achievements of Africans from across the continent
Africa's great war
Congo's civil war may have claimed as many as 3m lives. The country is so inaccessible that its horrors are rarely reported 
African women battle for equality (2005)
AIDS orphans in sub-Saharan Africa: a looming threat to future generations
While the tragedy of the HIV/AIDS epidemic has been drawing increased media attention, one the most troubling aspects of it –
the long-term impact on African societies of some 11 million AIDS orphans in sub-Saharan Africa – has been featured less often. 
Al Qaeda Turns Sights on Africa Success Story (2016)
Attack in Ivory Coast by jihadist group’s North African affiliate signals a change in targets
Botswana: An African Success Story Shows Strains (2008)
Child soldiers in Central African Republic more than doubled, says charity (2014)
Up to 10,000 boys and girls are now fighting in sectarian conflict, according to Save the Children
Climate Change Hits Hard in Zambia, an African Success Story (2016)
Climate 'is a major cause' of conflict in Africa (2009)
Corruption in Africa: 75 million people pay bribes (2015)
Darfur conflict heralds era of wars triggered by climate change, UN report warns (2007)
The conflict in Darfur has been driven by climate change and environmental degradation, which threaten to trigger a succession of new wars across Africa
unless more is done to contain the damage, according to a UN report published yesterday. 
Decolonization, Independence, and the Failure of Politics (1995) [16 pages]
Ebola: Mapping the outbreak (2016)
The Ebola outbreak in West Africa was first reported in March 2014, and rapidly became the deadliest occurrence of the disease since its discovery in 1976.
Four decades after Haile Selassie’s death, Ethiopia is an African success story (2015)
Going Beyond the Arms Trade Treaty to Secure Peace in Africa (2014)
Even as countries around the world have started to sign on to and ratify a landmark international treaty that would for the first time regulate the international trade in conventional weapons,
experts here are warning that the treaty in itself will not be able to maintain peace and security in Africa.
Head-to-head: Africa's food crisis (2006)
An official from the UN's World Food Programme (WFP), Nicholas Crawford, and Tajudeen Abdul-Raheem, a pan-Africanist and Director of Justice Africa, debate what is causing Africa's deepening food crisis and what the solutions might be.
How and why Africa should solve its problems. (2013)
How diamonds fuel Africa's conflicts 
How many dying babies make a famine? (2005)
Famine is a troublesome word with a very specific meaning to the professional aid community.

Infrastructure still Africa’s biggest problem (2014)
Kenya: An African success story? (2008)
As the former British colony celebrates 50 years of independence, we ask if it is still haunted by legacies of the past.

Major Issues Facing Children
in Africa (2013)
Profile: African Union
The African Union, or AU, is a pan-African organisation whose goal is to propel a united continent towards peace and prosperity.
The AU supports political and economic integration among its 54 member nations. It aims to boost development, eradicate poverty and bring Africa into the global economy. 
Q&A: DR Congo conflict (2012)
The Democratic Republic of Congo is slowly recovering from a conflict known as Africa's first world war, which led to the loss of some five million lives between 1994 and 2003,
but many eastern areas are still plagued by violence as various rebel groups continue to operate there. 
Q&A: Food crises and aid
As a severe food crisis strikes Niger and hunger looms in neighbouring Mali, Burkina Faso and Mauritania, the BBC News website asks what lies behind such food shortages and examines how hungry people are helped.
Q&A: Sudan's Darfur conflict (2010) 
Rwanda genocide: 100 days of slaughter 
South Sudan: Terrifying Lives of Child Soldiers (2014)
Children Describe Forced Recruitment, Trauma, Abuse

The Challenge of Decolonization in Africa                         
THE RWANDAN GENOCIDE (April to July 1994)
The scale of corruption in Africa (2015)
Gloomy news from Transparency International
The Status of the HIV/AIDS Epidemic in Sub-Saharan Africa (2002)
US chose to ignore Rwandan genocide (2004)
Classified papers show Clinton was aware of 'final solution' to eliminate Tutsis
President Bill Clinton's administration knew Rwanda was being engulfed by genocide in April 1994 but buried the information to justify its inaction, according to classified documents made available for the first time.
Senior officials privately used the word genocide within 16 days of the start of the killings, but chose not to do so publicly because the president had already decided not to intervene.
What are the challenges facing Africa? (2004) – Readers’ Comments and Views
What is the African Union and has it proven to be successful? (2015)
Why corruption is holding Africa back (2016)