International Relations II (for Post-Grads) - `Sino-Japanese Relations Since 1972`- Historical Controversies – Case Study: the Yasukuni Shrine issue – Seminar Handouts and Extra Readings

"Shinzo Abe (2nd L) is led by a Shinto priest as he visits Yasukuni shrine in December 2013" - Photo Source:

Click on the title (black title area above) or the picture to view the relevant articles and websites.    

The following links are intentionally varied and are for educational purposes only. They do not necessarily reflect the personal opinions or political views of the website owner. Their presence on this website should therefore not be necessarily viewed as an endorsement by the website owner.  The website owner is also not responsible for the content of external websites and other related links.
Readers should also be careful when selecting and interpreting sources. In many cases, articles and websites display biases and political leanings. As such, distinguishing between biased and unbiased and reliable and unreliable information is an important educational skill. Statements should always be confirmed by comparing them with hard and verifiable facts. Choosing a biased or one-sided source to discuss is fine but one should mention this bias in the discussion or in your academic work.
Abe’s Yasukuni visit: the view from Japan (2014)

Abe Visit to Controversial Japanese Shrine Draws Rare U.S. Criticism (2013)
Visit to Yasukuni Raises Concern Premier Shifting Focus From Economy to Nationalistic Goals
Abe to avoid controversial Yasukuni Shrine visit during spring festival (2015)
Anti-Japan protests jar an uneasy Asia (2005)
At a time of increased tensions between East Asia's two largest powers, Japan's foreign minister Sunday summoned China's ambassador, following one of the most provocative anti-Japanese demonstrations in many years in China.
Anti-Japan Sentiment Gains Strength in China (2010),8599,2020721,00.html
Basic Position of the Government of Japan
Regarding Prime Minister Koizumi's Visits to Yasukuni Shrine (2005)

Bomb explodes at Japan's Yasukuni Shrine, Chinese netizens applaud (2015)

China denounces Japan ministers' Yasukuni shrine visits (2015)
China Postpones Military Exchanges with Japan (2002)
China has postponed a visit by Japan's defence chief and a port call in Japan of a Chinese warship to protest Japanese Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi's visit to a controversial war shrine, a Chinese Foreign Ministry official said Tuesday.
China slams Japan after Abe's wife visits Yasukuni war shrine (2015)

China's Selective Memory (2005)

Conservative Group Urges Changes at Japanese War Shrine (2014)

Controversial Japanese WWII shrine that honours country's war criminals is damaged in 'guerrilla' toilet bomb blast
Fraught with controversy - Japan's Yasukuni Shrine (2014)
Prime Minister Shinzo Abe's decision not to visit the shrine, which honors Japan's war dead, including convicted war criminals, is 'a step in the right direction' for foreign relations, analyst Shihoko Goto tells DW.
Hirohito quit Yasukuni Shrine visits over concerns about war criminals
Hirohito shunned war criminal shrine
Japanese MPs make provocative visit to Tokyo's Yasukuni war shrine
More than 100 Japanese politicians have honoured war dead, including war criminals, risking fresh anger from victims of the nation’s wartime aggression
Japanese PM's Shrine Visit Sours Bilateral Relations: PRC FM Spokesman (2002)
Japanese Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi's latest visit to Tokyo's Yasukuni Shrine is sure to sour bilateral relations, said Kong Quan, Foreign Ministry spokesman.
Japanese premier takes a reckless gamble
Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe's surprise visit to the controversial Yasukuni Shrine in Tokyo on December 26, 2013 is certain to exacerbate already fraught relations between Japan and some of its neighbors, in particular China and South Korea.
Japan PM sends offering to war dead shrine, angering China (2014)

Japan Premier Visits Shrine to War Dead (1996)
Prime Minister Ryutaro Hashimoto visited a shrine for Japan's war dead today, the first by a serving Japanese leader in nearly 11 years.

Japan’s Koizumi years, a time of lost opportunities (2015)
Relations between Japan and China shifted significantly during the Koizumi years and this has created ongoing issues for the relationship between the two countries even today.
Koizumi ignores protests in final shrine visit (2006)
Koizumi shrine visit stokes anger (2006)
Koizumi Need Not Think Twice About Yasukuni Visit (2001) [from the Okazaki Institute – a conservative Japanese think tank]

Koizumi Visits War Shrine, as He Pledged (2005)
Museum even more disturbing than Yasukuni Shrine (2014)

Prime Minister Yasuhiro Nakasone, yielding to sharp Chinese criticism, apparently intends to cancel a planned visit next week to a Shinto shrine dedicated to Japan's war dead.

Nakasone hits Koizumi populism, Yasukuni visits (2005)
Nakasone's Visit to Wartime Shrine Criticized (1985)

Prime minister's visit to war shrine breaks a taboo (1996)
THE Japanese Prime Minister, Mr Ryutaro Hashimoto, yesterday visited a controversial shrine to the nation's war dead, including executed war criminals, breaking a decade long taboo on Japanese leaders visiting the site.

Questioning Koizumi's shrine visits (2006)
Why does Japan's Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi insist on visiting the controversial Yasukuni war shrine?
Statement by Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi (August 2005)

Statement by the Press Secretary/Director-General for Press and Public Relations on the statement by the Spokesman of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of China concerning the anti-Japan demonstrations in China [Ministry of Foreign Affiars of Japan] (April 2005)

'Stop Talking About Yasukuni; the Real Problem Is Yūshūkan' (2014)
Why a museum matters more than a shrine.
The story of World War II according to Japan’s controversial war museum (2014)
Tokyo Protests Anti-Japan Rallies in China (2005)
Violence flares as the Chinese rage at Japan (2005)
Yasukuni Shrine and Japan’s war responsibility (2015)
Yasukuni Shrine: the 14 'Class A' war criminals honoured by Japan
The men who planned, launched and prosecuted Japan's bloody war in Asia and the Pacific - and are still revered at national shrine
Yasukuni shrine visits: Japan honoring the dead or insulting the neighbors? (2013)